Some article said that the Japanese origin is Bantam (Banten Province, Indonesia). The Dutch trader introduced the Bantam to the Japanese aristocrat. In Shogun era, only aristocrat Japanese raise the chicken. After the modern era, any people can raise the chicken.
Japanese people also call it Chaebo. Since Japanese cannot pronounce “L" letter the chicken names may Chaebol or Cebol which means "Dwarf". Indonesian people said Cebol for everything that short including people.
|A Pair of Black Tail White Chaebo|
Since the Chaebo origin is Javanese, I believe the ancestor of the chicken is Red Jungle Fowl (Gallus Gallus).
However, Japan have been success to produce Japanese chicken that is more beautiful than its ancestors. The Indonesian Hobbyist also imported the Chaebo from Japan. We Called it "Katai Jepun". "Katai" is Malay for "Bantam" and "Jepun" is Malay for "Japan".
Japanese Bantam is available in various color such as white, black tail white, black tail buff, buff, and spotted. The white color is most common Japanese. All feather color is white. It is not recommended for lazy people who do not care to the chicken. The black tail white has almost white feather in color except the tail. The black tail is black bug in color. The Black tail Buff is also has black bug tail and buff color majority. The spotted is black with white small spot at the chicken.
The chicken has wide single comb above its head. The beak is medium in size. The legs is white in color and has no feather.
Japanese go broody so it can hatch it own eggs or other bantam eggs. The chicken is also friendly with other people. That is why people like it very much.
Raising the bantam in your backyard is good to or you can raise it at pen. Due its small size, you do not need a large pen for it.
People raise Chaebo for ornamental only. We cannot eat this tiny chicken that weighs only 510 gram to 610 grams. The eggs is also small like other bantam.
The hen may go broody and good sitter but it bring the lethal gen. A quarter of chicken eggs are lethal means it dies before hatching. Around quarter of Chaebo descendent has longer legs. Do not surprised when you got your bantam chicken is higher than the parent. The Chaebo hen hatch 50% of "normal bantam" which has short leg.